Spain, situated in Southwestern Europe, is a diverse country with a considerable population of 47 million. The population is mostly concentrated in urban areas like Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Seville. The country also includes distinctive territories such as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Spain's varied topography, from coastal regions to mountainous terrain, can present challenges to technology and telecommunication installations. However, Spain has shown resilience with major infrastructure solutions like the extensive high-speed rail network and significant advancements in renewable energy technologies, especially in solar and wind power. The telecommunications sector is well-developed with widespread internet and mobile coverage, and Spain is also recognised for its robust digital infrastructure in smart city projects, particularly in Barcelona. The country's commitment to renewable energy and technology sectors is evident, despite gas still firmly the country's major energy source.

ITU Region
Geographic Region
Regulatory Body
Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia CNMC
Spain world map

Mobile Network Operators

The are 5 companies operating mobile networks in this region.

Euskaltel S.A. is a telecommunications firm based in Derio, Basque Country, Spain. The company was established in 1995 through a joint initiative by the Basque Government and several Basque savings banks. The company's name, "Euskaltel", translates to "Basque-Tel" in English. Euskaltel operates a fibre optics network within the region, developed in partnership with the Basque gas company. The firm utilises the small nearby town of Urnietatel as a testing ground for its operations. The company underwent a rebranding in 2006, adopting the stylised, orange-coloured butterfly as its logo.

Movistar Logo
Movistar Spain is a major telecommunications provider that operates within Spain. The company is owned by Telefónica, a Spanish multinational telecommunications company. Movistar Spain was established in 1995, following the launch of GSM services in the country. The brand name, Movistar, became globally recognised on 5th April 2005, subsequent to Telefónica's acquisition of the BellSouth mobile operations in South America. Despite the acquisition of O2 in 2005, Telefónica decided to maintain the "O2" brand in the United Kingdom and Germany as a separate entity with its own board and management...

Orange España, legally known as Orange Espagne S.A.U., is a mobile network operator based in Spain. Originally known as Amena under the ownership of Retevisión, the company underwent a rebranding in 2005 following its acquisition by France Télécom, now known as Orange S.A. The company's legal headquarters are situated in Pozuelo de Alarcón, in close proximity to Madrid. Orange España is recognised as one of the leading mobile phone providers in Spain, alongside competitors such as Movistar, Vodafone Spain, and Grupo MásMóvil’s Yoigo network.


Vodafone Spain is a subsidiary of Vodafone Group plc, a British multinational telecommunications company, and operates as a telecommunications network in Spain. The company was initially launched in 1985 as Racal-Vodafone (Holdings) Ltd, a joint venture between Racal Electronics and Millicom. Vodafone became a fully owned brand of Racal in 1986. In 1991, Racal Telecom was demerged from Racal Electronics and became the Vodafone Group.

Vodafone Group has undergone several changes in its corporate structure and ownership since its inception. In 1999, it completed the purchase of American...


Yoigo, legally known as Xfera Móviles, S.A.U., is a prominent mobile network operator in Spain and is a subsidiary of the Spanish telecommunications company Grupo MásMóvil. The company, which was established in 2000, had a turbulent beginning and was primarily owned by TeliaSonera, now known as Telia Company. Despite commercial operations commencing in December 2006, the company faced numerous technical and market challenges, leading to a standstill for several years.

In the early 2000s, the company's primary shareholders included the French company Vivendi, the Spanish construction company...